Internet Protocol (IP)

Internet Protocol

Kodi IP ndi chiyani?

Mawu akuti "IP amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pamakina a makompyuta. IP imayimira Internet Protocol, ndipo ndi malamulo omwe amasankha momwe maphukusi a deta adzasinthira kudzera mu intaneti. chipangizo pa intaneti kapena pa intaneti.Tidzapyola muzithunzithunzi za IP, mitundu ya IP ndi zina zokhudzana ndi izo, ndikumvetsetsa chifukwa chake ndizofunikira pa chiyanjano cha intaneti. IP ndi malamulo omwe amatchedwa protocol. Mapulogalamu amatha kufotokoza miyezo ina malinga ndi zomwe zipangizo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa intaneti zimagwira ntchito komanso phukusi la deta likuyendetsa pa intaneti. Mu nthawi ino, pali opanga angapo opanga mafoni, ndipo aliyense wa iwo ali ndi luso lawo, machitidwe ake, ndi zomangamanga zomwe amagwiritsa ntchito kuti apange zida zawo, koma akamagwiritsa ntchito makanema, amayenera kutsata mfundo zina zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Internet Protocol (IP). Zida zonse zimayendetsa mapaketi awo pogwiritsa ntchito ma Adresse awo a IP.

Adilesi ya IP ndi ntchito yake

Mwachidziwitso, adilesi ya IP ndi nambala yapadera ya 32-yoperekedwa kwa chipangizo pamene imagwirizanitsidwa ndi intaneti. Monga adiresi ya nyumba amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti adziwe malo enieni, malo amodzi adilesi ya IP amagwira ntchito monga chizindikiritso chapadera cha chipangizo. Pogwiritsa ntchito adilesiyi, chipangizo chimatanthauzira adiresi ya wotumiza ndi wolandira mapaketi a deta. A network data packet ndi chigawo cha deta chomwe chimanyamula chidziwitso chowongolera ndi mauthenga ogwiritsa ntchito pa intaneti. Pamene deta imatumizidwa kuchoka ku chipangizo chimodzi kupita ku chipangizo china, PC yanu imagwiritsa ntchito seva ya DNS kuti iyang'ane dzina loyitana kuti lipeze aderi yake ya IP. Popanda adresse ya IP, chipangizo sichidzadziwika pa intaneti ndipo sichitha kulankhulana. Komabe, izi zingasinthe molingana ndi chipangizo ndi intaneti. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, PC yanu ikhoza kukhala ndi amachesi angapo a IP. Chimodzi cha LAN ndi zina pa intaneti. Ma adilesi awa a IP akuphatikizidwanso kukhala mitundu iwiri ikuluikulu:

MALO A IP Address

Monga dzina likuyimira, ma adilesi apamtayipi a IP ndiwo mtundu wa ma Adresse a IP omwe samasintha kamodzi ataperekedwa ku chipangizo pa intaneti. Maadiresi otsimikizika a IP sali okwera mtengo koma amakhala otseguka kwa chitetezo kwa iwo amene akufuna kubisala pa intaneti. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi webusaiti yaying'ono, masewera, ndi ma seva amelo.

Makhalidwe apamwamba a IP

Kumbali inayi, ma Adresse IP amphamvu ndi ma adresse a IP omwe amasintha nthawi iliyonse pomwe chipangizo chimalowa mu intaneti. Mabungwe akuluakulu amagwiritsira ntchito ma intaneti apamwamba chifukwa ndi otetezeka kwambiri kuposa IP static ndipo sakhalabe ofanana; choncho malo sangathe kuwonekera.

Static IP vs Mphamvu IP yomwe ili yabwino?

Monga tafotokozera poyamba, chikhalidwe cha malo ochezera a pa Intaneti chimasankha, mtundu wa IP womwe uyenera kugwiritsa ntchito. Ngati palibe vuto ndi nkhani za chitetezo ndipo palibe chifukwa chobisala kuti musatengeke kudzera pa intaneti, pomwepo IP idzakhala yabwino kwa inu. Koma, ngati mukufuna kuteteza maumboni anu pa intaneti ndikudutsa malo otetezeka otetezedwa, tsambani IP Mphamvu idzakhala yabwino kwa inu. Kawirikawiri, kufufuza pa intaneti, kutumiza kapena kukweza mafayilo kumachitika ndi IP, koma FTP, seva, ndi ma volo kudzera mu intaneti zikuchitika ndi Static IP. Ndondomeko zoyenera monga IPV4 ndi IPV6 zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga ma intaneti pa mafoni a pa intaneti. Mapulogalamu awa a IP ali ndifotokozedwa pansipa.

Adilesi ya IPV4 (Internet Protocol Version 4)

IPV4 (Internet Protocol Version 4) ndivumbulutso lachinayi la Internet Protocol (IP) lomwe limagwiritsa ntchito kupanga makanema kuti apange zipangizo pa intaneti. IPV4 imagwiritsa ntchito dongosolo la adiresi ya 32 kulumikiza zipangizo ku intaneti. Adilesi ya 32-bit imatanthawuza pafupifupi ma XLUMX biliyoni angapangidwe. Ziwerengero zimasonyeza kuti ndi kukula kwamakono a intaneti, IPV4 sidzakwanira kuthetsa zipangizo zonse chifukwa makompyuta, makompyuta, mafoni awo ngati mafoni amagwiritsa ntchito IPV4 kuti agwirizane ndi intaneti. Pofuna kuthetsa vutoli, Internet Protocol inasinthidwa, ndipo mtundu wina IPV4 wapangidwa kuti apange ma adresi.

Adilesi ya IPV6 (Internet Protocol Version 6)

Adilesi ya IPV6 (Internet Protocol Version 6) ndi intaneti yatsopano yothetsera malingaliro omwe akugwiritsidwa ntchito kuti akwaniritse zofunikira za ma intaneti ambiri. IPV6 ndi mawonekedwe osinthidwa a IPV6 ndipo amalola nambala ya makamu komanso deta yopita. Adilesi ya IPV6 imatchedwanso IPng (intaneti protocol mbadwo wotsatira) ndipo ikugwiritsidwa ntchito. Palinso ubwino wa IPV4 pa IPV6 monga No DHCP ndi NAT, Quality Quality Service (QoS).

Kodi TCP / IP ndi chiyani?

TCP / IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) ndilo lamulo loyang'ana pa intaneti. Zimatsimikizira kuti kugwirizana kuli kovomerezeka ndipo palibe mapaketi ataya. Ngati sakulephera mapaketi, imatulutsanso deta kuti ikhale yodalirika. Makompyuta awiri ogwirizana kuti atumize uthenga kapena kusinthanitsa uthenga, amaperekedwa ndi pulogalamu ya TCP / IP. TCP / IP ili ndi zigawo ziwiri: Mzere wapatali ndi TCP ndipo ali ndi udindo wosonkhanitsa deta m'zinthu zing'onozing'ono ndikugwirizanitsa zidutswa zonsezo mu chiyambi chapadera pomwe pakhomo linalo la IP lili ndi udindo woyang'anira adilesi ya phukusi ndikuonetsetsa kuti deta imatumizidwa ku malo oyenera. Chifukwa cha kudalirika kwa lamuloli, likugwiritsidwa ntchito.

UDP / IP

UDP (User Datagram Protocol) ndi protocol njira yopita ku TCP ndipo imalola kutumiza deta popanda kuyang'ana izo zolakwika. Zimagonjetsa pazodalirika ndikusiya dontho la mapaketi, koma zimapereka mpata wabwino wa latency. Chifukwa cha ichi, imagwiritsidwa ntchito pa masewera ndi kusakanikirana pa intaneti.

Kutsiliza

Mauthenga a Internet Protocol ndi Internet Protocol ndiwo mbali yaikulu ya Computer Networks ndi Communications. Amapereka chidziwitso chothandiza pazinthu zomwe zimagwirizana ndi zomwe zimathandiza komanso dzenje laopseza. Dynamic IP ndi Static IP amasankhidwa molingana ndi chilengedwe, ndi momwe deta packets transmission ikufotokozedwa ndi moduli TCP / IP kapena UDP / IP.

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